"Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart (VVS, Tran-sit and Tariff Association Stuttgart) is an organ-isation comprising public transport companies and municipalities, each hold a 50 per cent share in the GmbH (private limited company). Public transport company members are Stuttgarter Stra·enbahnen AG (SSB), DB Regio AG and the GbR (private partnership under German civil law) between the cooperation partners of the Verband Region Stuttgart. Municipal partners are the Verband Region Stuttgart, the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, the state capital of Stuttgart and the counties of Böblingen, Esslingen, Ludwigsburg and Rems-Murr. VVS ensures uniform rates, schedules and customer information services within its territory. Furthermore, it sets the standards for ticket sales. In 2012, Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart counted a total of 338 million passengers. Income from tickets totalled EUR 420 million during this period."